Unliike R, which is most often dominated by ggplot, Python has a variety of powerful plotting tools. Some of the primary packages include: matplotlib, plotly, bokeh, seaborn, plotnine, pygal, mpld3, and many others. In Python matplotlib tends to be the initial focus when learning to plot. However, may of the libraries have other specializations and use cases that can come in handy when creating visualizations.

An overview of the most common Python plotting libraries is included below: